European Borzoi
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comparison of the standards RKF 1997 FCI 2000
Brief historical summary   The Russkaya Psovaya borzaya has been an integral part of the national culture and Russian history for 9 centuries. The French Chronicle of the XIth century shows that three Borzois accompanied the daughter of the Grand Duke of Kiev, Anna Iaroslavna when she arrived in France to become the wife of Henri I. Among the owners and breeders there were many famous people including Tzars and poets: Ivan the Terrible, Peter the Great, Nicolas II, Pushkin, Turgenev. The creation of the famous kennel “Pershinskaya okhota” by the illustrious breeders the Grand Duke Nicolai Nicolaevitch and Dimitri Valtsev had great importance. From the end of the XIXth century, the Borzoi is seen in the biggest breeding kennels of Europe and America. 
General Appearance Dog of aristocratic appearance, of large size, of lean and at the same time robust constitution, Dog of aristocratic appearance, of large size, of lean and at the same time robust constitution,
  of a very slightly elongated construction. of a very slightly elongated construction.
  Females are generally longer than the males. Females are generally longer than males.
  Strong bone structure but not massive. Strong bone structure but not massive.
  The bones are rather flat. The bones are rather flat.
  Muscles lean, well developed, especially on the thighs, but not showing in relief. Muscles lean, well developed, especially on the thighs, but not showing in relief.
Important Proportions In males, the height at the withers is equal or barely superior to that from the summit of the croup to the ground, 
in females, these heights are equal.
In males the height at the withers is equal or barely superior to that from the summit of the croup to the ground.
In females these two heights are equal. The height at the withers must be slightly inferior to the length of the body. 
    The depth of the chest is approximately equal to half the height at the withers.
    The length of the muzzle, from the stop to the tip of the nose, is equal or slightly to that of the skull, from the occiput to the stop.
Behaviour / Temperament In its everyday life the Borzoi has a quiet and balanced character. At the sight of game it gets suddenly excited. It has a piercing sight, capable of seeing very far. Its reaction is impetuous. In its everyday life the Borzoi has a quiet and balanced character. At the sight of game it gets suddenly excited. It has a piercing sight, capable of seeing very far. Its reaction is impetuous.
Head Lean, long, narrow, aristocratic Lean, long, narrow, aristocratic.
  Seen in profile, the lines of the skull and chamfer form a long, slightly convex line, the line of the sagittal crest being straight or slightly oblique towards the well marked occipital protuberance. Seen in profile, the lines of the skull and muzzle form a long, slightly convex line, the line of the sagittal crest being straight or slightly oblique towards the well marked occipital protuberance.
  The head is so elegant and lean that the principal veins show through the skin. The head is so elegant and lean that the principal veins show through the skin.
Cranial Region Cranial region seen from the above, narrow, elongated into an oval shape; seen in profile, almost flat. Seen from above, narrow, elongated into an oval shape; seen in profile, almost flat.  
Skull Stop very slightly marked Very slightly marked
Facial Region
Nose
Large, mobile, considerably prominent in relation to the lower jaw. Large, mobile, considerably prominent in relation to the lower jaw.  
Muzzle Muzzle is long, filled out in all its lenght, arched hear the nose. Long, filled out in all its length, arched near the nose.
  The length of the muzzle from the stop to the tip of the nose is equal or slightly superior to that of the skull, from the occiput to the stop The length of the muzzle from the stop to the tip of the nose is equal or slightly superior to that of the skull, from the occiput to the stop.  
Lips Fine, clean, well fitting Fine, clean, well fitting.
  The eye-rims, the lips and the nose are black whatever the colour of the coat. The eye-rims, the lips and the nose are black whatever the colour of the coat.  
Jaws/Teeth White, strong; full dentition, scissor bite Teeth white, strong; full dentition; scissor bite.  
Eyes Large, expressive, dark hazel or hazel coloured, very slightly prominent, almond shaped, set obliquely. Large, expressive, dark hazel or hazel coloured, very slightly prominent, almond-shaped, set obliquely
Ears Small, supple, mobile, Small, supple, mobile,
  nearby  
  set on the above the eye level. Backwards, set on above the eye level and backwards,
  almost towards the nape of the neck, the tips of the ears situated near each over or directed downwards along the neck and close to it. almost towards the nape of the neck, the tips of the ears situated near each other or directed downwards along the neck and close to it.
  When the dog is alert, the ears are carried higher and on the sights or forward; sometimes one or both ears are erect like  horse ears. When the dog is alert, the ears are carried higher and on the sides or forward; sometimes one or both ears are erect like horse ears.
Neck Long, clean, flattened laterally, muscled, slightly arched. Long, clean, flattened laterally, muscled, slightly arched,
  Carried rather low. carried rather low.
Body   Not marked.  
Withers
Back Broad, muscled, elastic, Broad, muscled, elastic,
  forming with the loin and croup the same curve which is more pronounced in the males. forming with the loin and croup a curve which is more pronounced in the males.
  The highest point of this curve is situated in the region of the 1st or 2nd lumbar vertebra. The highest point of this curve is situated in the region of the 1st or 2nd lumbar vertebra.
Loin Long, prominent, muscled, moderately broad. Long, prominent, muscled, moderately broad.  
Croup Long, muscled, broad, Long, broad,
  slightly sloping. slightly sloping.
  The width of the croup measured between the two hip bones (iliac crests) must not be less than 8 cm. The width of the croup measured between the two hip bones (iliac crests) must not be less than 8 cm. 
Chest Of oval cross-section, not narrow, yet not wider than the croup, Of oval cross-section, not narrow, yet not wider than the croup,
  long, deep, spacious. Nearly reaching down to elbow level. deep, well developed in length, spacious, reaching down almost to elbow level.
  The region of the shoulder blades being flatter, the chest gets gradually wider towards the false ribs, which are short; seen in profile, it forms a change in slope. The region of the shoulder blades being flatter, the chest gets gradually wider towards the false ribs, which are short; seen in profile, it forms a change in slope.
  The ribs are long, slightly prominent. The ribs are long, slightly prominent.
  The forechest is slightly prominent in relation to the scapular-humeral articulation. The forechest is slightly prominent in relation to the scapular-humeral articulation.
Belly   Well tucked up, the underline rises abruptly towards the abdomen.
Tail In shape of sickle or sabre, In shape of sickle of sabre,
  low set, thin, long (passed between the hindlegs, must reach up to the hip bone), low set, thin, long. Passed between the hindlegs, it must reach up to the hip bone (iliac crest),
  furnished with abundant feathering. furnished with abundant feathering.
  When the dog is standing, the tail hangs downwards, in action, it is raised, but not above the level of the back. When the dog is standing, the tail hangs downwards. In action, it is raised, but not above the level of the back.
Limbs Forelegs clean, muscled. Seen from the front straight and parallel. Forelegs clean, muscled, seen from the front perfectly straight and parallel.
Forequarters
  The height of the forelegs from the elbow to the ground is nearly equal to half the height at withers. The height of the forelegs from the elbow to the ground is equal or little superior to half the height at the withers.  
Shoulders Shoulder blades long and oblique. Shoulder blades long and oblique.  
Upper arm Moderately oblique, its length is barely superior to the length of the shoulder blade. Angle of the scapular-humeral articulation well pronounced. Moderately oblique; its length is barely superior to the length of the shoulder blade. Angle of the scapular-humeral articulation well pronounced.
Elbows In parallel plane to the median plane of the body. In parallel plane to the median plane of the body.
Forearm Clean, long, of oval cross-section; seen from the front: narrow, seen in profile: broad. Clean, long, of oval cross-section; seen from the front, narrow, seen in profile, broad.
Pastern Slightly oblique in relation to the ground. Slightly oblique in relation to the ground.
Hindquarters Seen from behind: straight, parallel, set slightly wider than the forequarters. Seen from behind: straight, parallel, set slightly wider than the forequarters.
  When the dog is standing true, the hindlegs are set backwards. When the dog is standing true, the vertical line dropping from the ischiatic tuberosity (Point of buttocks) must pass in front of the centre of the hock joint and of the metatarsals.
Upper thigh Long, muscled, placed obliquely. Well muscled, long, places obliquely.
Lower thigh Long muscled placed obliquely. Long, muscled, placed obliquely.
    The femoro-tibial and the tibio-tarsal articulations well developed, broad, clean,; the angles must be well marked. 
Metatarsals Not long, placed almost vertically. Not long, placed almost vertically.
  All the articulations are well angulated. All the articulations are well angulated.
Feet Lean, narrow, "harefeet" (of elongated oval shape), slightly arched, with tight toes. Nails long, strong, touching the ground. Lean, narrow, of elongated oval shape (called “harefeet”); toes arched, tight; nails long, strong, touching the ground.
Gait/Movement When not hunting, the typical gait of the Borzoi is the extended trot, effortless, very supple and lifting; When not hunting, the typical gait of the Borzoi is the extended trot, effortless, very supple and lifting;
  when hunting the charging gallop is extremely fast, with leaps of great length. when hunting the charging gallop is extremely fast, with leaps of great length.
Skin Supple, elastic. Supple, elastic.
Coat:   Silky, soft and supple, wavy or forming short curls. Silky, soft and supple, wavy or forming short curls.
Hair
  On the haid, the ears and the limbs, the hair is satiny, short, smooth, close lying. On the head, the ears and the limbs, the hair is satiny (silky but heavier), short, close lying.
  On the body, the hair is quite long, wavy; on the region of the shoulder blades and the croup, the hair forms finer curls; On the body, the hair is quite long, wavy; on the regions of the shoulder blades and the croup, the hair forms finer curls;
  on the ribs and thighs, the hair is shorter; on the ribs and thighs, the hair is shorter;
  the hair which forms the fringes, the "breeches" and the feathering of the tail is longer. the hair which forms the fringes, the “breeches” and the feathering of the tail is longer.
Colour Combination of  white with: yellow of different shades, light fawn with black overlay, grey, red, red fawn with black overlay, brindle, black. Combination of colours: white and yellow of all shades; white and wolf grey (banded hair, agouti); white and light fawn with black overlay, white and red; white and red fawn with black overlay, white and brindle; white and black.
  All the colours above mentioned may be solid or pied. All the colours above mentioned may be solid or pied.
  The fringes, "breeches", featherings of the tail are considerably lighter than the background colour. The fringes, “breeches”, featherings of the tail are considerably lighter than the background colour.
  For the overlaid colours a black mask is typical. For the overlaid colours a black mask is typical.
Size (Size) Desirable height at the withers: dogs:  75 - 85 cm, females: 68 - 78 cm. Desirable height at the withers:  dogs: 75-85 cm bitches: 68-78 cm
  In males, the height at the withers is equal or barely superior to that from the summit of the croup to the ground, in females, these heights are equal. In males, the height at the withers is equal or barely superior to that from the summit of the croup to the ground. In females, these heights are equal.
Faults:    
    Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree.
General appearance Light or massive construction; stockly appearance or hight on the legs Light or massive construction.
Stocky appearance or high on the legs.
  Light bone structure. Insufficiently developed musculature. Light bone structure.
Insufficiently developed musculature.
Head Abrupt stop. Abrupt stop.
  Profile of the haid is distinct wedge shape due to exaggerated height of the skull. Profile of the head is distinct wedge shape due to exaggerated height of the skull
  Forehead broad. Forehead broad
  Zygomatic arches developed. Zygomatic arches developed.
  Muzzle short. Bridge of the nose too narrow. Muzzle short. Bridge of the nose too narrow
  Superciliary arches prominent. Superciliary arches prominent.
Teeth Small, decayed; abnormally worn Small, decayed; abnormally worn.
  until pincer bite in subjects aged more than 6 years old. Pincer bite in subjects aged more than 6 years old.
  Absence of P1 and P2 (not more than 3 teeth). Absence of PM1 and PM2 (not more than 3 teeth).
Eyes Small, round, light hazel. Small, round, light hazel.
  Third eyelid too developed. Third eyelid too developed.
Ears Low set, not set on backwards. Low set, not set on backwards.
Neck Short, carried high. Short, carried high.
Body Narrow with a hollow, too arched. Back narrow with a hollow at the level of the anticlinal vertebra (11th thoracic vertebra); too arched.
  Short, straight, narrow. Loin short, straight, narrow.
  Narrow, short, steep.    Croup narrow, short, steep.
  Narrow, flat, sternal line much higher than the level of the elbows. Chest narrow, flat, not deep; sternal line much higher than the level of the elbows.
    Belly only slightly tucked up.
Tail Set high or low, carried high, tip of the tail in ring shape, falling sideways, feathering sparsely developed, short. Set high or too low; carried high; tip of the tall in ring shape, falling sideways; feathering sparsely developed; short tail.
Forequarters Scapular-humeral angle too open. Scapula-humeral angle too open.
  In or out at elbows. In or out at elbows
  Forearm slightly crooked. Forearm slightly crooked.
  Pastern too short, too oblique or too straight. Pastern too short, too oblique or too straight.
  Feet turning slightly in or out. Feet turning slightly in or out.
Hindquarters Over-angulated or too straight angulation. Over-angulated or too straight angulation.
  Close behind or spread hocks. Close behind or spread hocks.
  Feet toeing in. Feet toeing in.
Feet fleshy or flat, spread toes. Tendency to be a little too broad, slightly round, fleshy (thick) or flat; spread toes.
Skin Insufficiently supple, elastic. Insufficiently supple.
Hair Dull, tousled; fringes, "breeches", feathering of the tail sparse. Straight hair. Fine curls all over the body. Dull, tousled; fringes, “breeches”, feathering of the tail sparse; straight hair; fine curls all over the body.
Colour Flecks of the same shade as the background colour. Striking tan markings. Flecks of the same shade as the background colour; striking tan markings.
Serious Faults
General appearance Soft constitution, coarse constitution, Soft constitution, coarse constitution.
  short trunk. Short trunk.
  Heavy, coarse bone structure. Heavy, coarse bone structure.
  Round bones. Round bones.
Head Soft tissues. Soft tissues.
  Blunt muzzle. Blunt muzzle.
Teeth pincer bite in subjects aged less than 6 years; asymetrical bite Pincer bite in subjects aged less than 6 years.
  Any deviation from the scissors bite (overshot or undershot bite, pincer bite in subjects aged less than 6 years; asymetrical bite) no matter how is the degree, absence of  incisors which prevents judging the bite, absence of more than 3 premolars, absence of P4, absence of any molar exept M3.  
  Deep set, blue, grey, and yellow. Eyes: Deep set; yellow.
  Thick, coarse, with rounded tips. Ears: Thick, coarse, with rounded tips.
Neck Dewlap or loose skin at level of throat; neck of round cross-section. Dewlap or loose skin at level of throat; neck of round cross-section
BodyBack Sagging, straight back in males. Sagging; straight back in males.
Croup sag too steep (the hindlegs are under the dog) Very narrow, very short, excessively steep (goose rump).
Chest Hollow in its front part, barrel-ribbed. Hollow in its front part, barrel-ribbed.
Belly   Pendulous.
Tail Coarse, in action falling downwards. Coarse, in action, falling downwards.
  corkscrew, broken, docked (even partially),  
Forequarters Important deviations from the points described; knuckling over; Important deviations from the points described; knuckling over.
  forearm: of round cross-section. Forearm: Of round cross-section.
Hindquarters Important deviations from the points described. Important deviations from the points described.  
Feet flat with spread toes. Broad, round, “cat feet”, flat; spread toes.
Skin Loose. Loose
Coat Hair Stiff, bristly. Stiff, bristly.
Colour Flacks of shade other than that of the background colour, brown, chocolate, all lilac shades. Flecks of shade other than that of the background colour; all lilac shades.
Behaviour / Temperament Aggressive towards people. Aggressive towards people.
Disqualifying Faults
Teeth   Any deviation from the scissors bite (overshot or undershot bite); wry jaw, absence of incisors which prevents judging the bite, absence of more than 3 premolars, absence of P4, absence of any molar except M3.
    Lower canines set backwards from their normal position thus possibly touching the upper gums or the palate (mandibula angusta).
Eye   Wall eye.
Tail   Corkscrew tail, broken tail (fused vertebrac), docked, even partially.
  Presence of dewclaws. Presence of dewclaws.
Colour   Brown, chocolate.
    NB: Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.

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